Provides a moral and empirical analysis of contemporary social and economic inequality. Drawing on Christian social ethics, political philosophy and development economics, the text seeks to create an interdisciplinary conversation that illuminates not only the contemporary realities and trends of inequality, but their moral significance as well. It is necessary to examine and understand inequality in various forms - which the book maps out - including disparity in income, education and health as well as differentials based on race, ethnicity, gender and nationality. The book draws in particular on the theological ethics of Gustavo Gutierrez and H. Richard Niebuhr to provide a Christian ethical approach to inequality and well-being. It considers the capability approach set forth by Amartya Sen, Nobel laureate in Economics. Sen's framework helps Christians and other persons to add specificity to what the commitment to equality before God would demand in social and economic relations.