Time and Narrative builds on Paul Ricoeur's earlier analysis in The Rule of Metaphor of semantic innovation at the level of the sentence. Ricoeur here examines the creation of meaning at the textual level with narrative rather than metaphor as the ruling concern. Ricoeur finds a "healthy circle" between time and narrative: time is humanized to the extent that it portrays temporal experience. Ricoeur proposes a theoretical model of this circle using Augustine's theory of time and Aristotle's theory of plot and further develops an original thesis of the mimetic function of narrative. He concludes with a comprehensive survey and critique of modern discussions of historical knowledge, understanding and writing from Aron and Mandelbaum in the late 1930s, to the work of the Annales school and that of Anglophone philosophers of history of the 1960s and 1970s. "This work in my view, puts the whole problem of narrative, not to mention philosophy of history, on a new and higher plane of discussion," Hayden White, History and Theory. "Superb. . . . A fine point of entrance into the work of one of the eminent thinkers of the present intellectual age," Joseph R. Gusfield, Contemporary Sociology.