Many Christians live with doubts about certain traditional Christian beliefs, and their doubts often result in guilt. Others are led to reject the faith out of disagreement with beliefs that seem to be absurd and anti-intellectual. Despite the notoriety of the fundamentalist world-view, some stories need not to be taken as literal or historical; and learning to separate fact from symbol, metaphor, or myth may actually strengthen the Christian witness. Liberation from literalism open the possibilities for greater depth of meaning to be found in what have been traditional beliefs. Bishop J.A.T. Robinson put it this way; "It is the things one doesn't have to believe, and finds one doesn't have to believe, which are truly liberating as the thingds one does." "What You Don't Have to Believe to Be a Christian," is a helpful guide to discovering the non-essential in Christian beliefs.