This book proposes a new and comprehensive chiastic structure as well as a new unifying theme for the Letter of James. In accord with this structure that organizes its oral performance, the words ""worship to live by"" express what the letter as a whole is exhorting its audience to adopt. ""Worship"" includes not only liturgical worship but also the ethical behavior that complements it, so that the result is a holistic way of worshiping God. And the words ""to live by"" embrace the worshipful conduct by which to live out presently one's birth to a new life as a believer before the final coming of the Lord Jesus Christ, with a view to the future eternal life to be granted at the last judgment as the outcome of such worship. In short, the Letter of James urges its audience to practice the worship to live by now in order to live eternally. ""Although others have observed chiastic patterns in the Letter of James, John Paul Heil focuses upon macro- and microchiastic units determined primarily by linguistic parallels rather than thematic ones. At the heart of James, as revealed by its structure, Heil proposes a new unifying theme; that of 'worship to live by.' Provocative and clearly written, this book deserves consideration by all those interested in contemporary analyses of the 'right strawy epistle.'"" --Alicia J. Batten, PhD Professor, Religious Studies Department, University of Sudbury Author, What Are They Saying about the Letter of James? (2009) ""In his latest monograph, John P. Heil takes the reader on an innovative journey through the text. Positing the letter to be composed of a series of microchiasms . . . within an overall macrochiastic arrangement of its content, Heil brilliantly makes the case that James has written an epistolary homily . . . designed for oral performance with the goal of persuading the audience to adopt 'worship to live by.' This book is a treasure trove of insight that will leave the reader surprised how easy it is to follow and accept Heil's conclusions."" --Peter Spitaler, ThD Associate Professor, New Testament Interim Chair and Director, Graduate Program, Villanova University Author, Universale Sunde von Juden und Heiden? (2006) ""In his most recent work, John P. Heil offers a decided contribution to studies on the Letter of James. Based on previous research into chiastic structures within a number of New Testament letters . . . Heil demonstrates similar chiastic structures within the Letter of James. Heil takes seriously James's oral performance as a sermon delivered within the context of a worshipping community. This study offers unique insight into the Letter of James through its call to practice a holistic way of worship."" --Fr. Patrick J. Hartin, PhD Professor of Religious Studies, Gonzaga University Author, James (2003) John Paul Heil is Professor of New Testament at The Catholic University of America in Washington, DC. He is the author of The Letters of Paul as Rituals of Worship (Cascade, 2011).