This text takes as its starting point the realization that Jesus of Nazareth cannot be studied purely as a subject of ancient history, a man like any other man. History, literature, theology and the dynamic of a living, worldwide religious reality, all appropriately impinge on the study of Jesus. The two parts of the book roughly correspond to the interdependent tasks of historical description and critical and theological reflection. It incorporates the most up-to-date historical work on Jesus the Jew with the bigger issues of critical method, the story of Christian faith and study, and Jesus in a global church and in the encounter with Judaism and Islam. Written by 17 leading international scholars, the book encourages students of the historical Jesus to discover the vital contribution of theology, and students of doctrine to engage the Christ of faith as Jesus the first-century Jew.