"The one who is coming after me is stronger than I am. I’m not worthy to carry his sandals. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and with fire."
Ministry of John the Baptist
3 In those days John the Baptist appeared in the desert of Judea announcing, 2 “ Change your hearts and lives! Here comes the kingdom of heaven! ” 3 He was the one of whom Isaiah the prophet spoke when he said:
4 John wore clothes made of camel’s hair, with a leather belt around his waist. He ate locusts and wild honey.
5 People from Jerusalem, throughout Judea, and all around the Jordan River came to him. 6 As they confessed their sins, he baptized them in the Jordan River. 7 Many Pharisees and Sadducees came to be baptized by John. He said to them, “ You children of snakes! Who warned you to escape from the angry judgment that is coming soon? 8 Produce fruit that shows you have changed your hearts and lives. 9 And don’t even think about saying to yourselves, Abraham is our father. I tell you that God is able to raise up Abraham’s children from these stones. 10 The ax is already at the root of the trees. Therefore, every tree that doesn’t produce good fruit will be chopped down and tossed into the fire. 11 I baptize with water those of you who have changed your hearts and lives. The one who is coming after me is stronger than I am. I’m not worthy to carry his sandals. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and with fire. 12 The shovel he uses to sift the wheat from the husks is in his hands. He will clean out his threshing area and bring the wheat into his barn. But he will burn the husks with a fire that can’t be put out. ”
Creationism is no longer the simple notion it once was taken to be. Itsnew advocates have become more sophisticated in how they present their views, speaking of "intelligent design" rather than "creation science" and aiming theirarguments against the naturalistic philosophical method that underlies science, proposing to replace it with a "theistic science." The creationism controversy isnot just about the status of Darwinian evolution--it is a clash of religious andphilosophical worldviews, for a common underlying fear among Creationists is thatevolution undermines both the basis of morality as they understand it and thepossibility of purpose in life.In Tower of Babel, philosopher Robert T. Pennockcompares the views of the new creationists with those of the old and reveals theinsubstantiality of their arguments. One of Pennock's major innovations is to turnfrom biological evolution to the less charged subject of linguistic evolution, whichhas strong theoretical parallels with biological evolution, both in content and inthe sort of evidence scientists use to draw conclusions about origins. Of course, anevolutionary view of language does conflict with the Bible, which says that Godcreated the variety of languages at one time as punishment for the Tower ofBabel.Several chapters deal with the work of Phillip Johnson, a highly influentialleader of the new Creationists. Against his and other views, Pennock explains howscience uses naturalism and discusses the relationship between factual and moralissues in the creationism-evolution controversy. The book also includes a discussionof Darwin's own shift from creationist to evolutionist and an extended argument forkeeping private religious beliefs separate from public scientificknowledge.